Leather Status in Iran

History of Leather Industry

Skin is the only product which has been existed since the human creation and tannery undoubtedly is one of the earliest human activities. In early days the skin was used as a cover or a protective device against the heat or cold. In certain historical periods it has been also used as a medium of exchange (money) as well as ornaments. Initial cavemen have considered leather as one of their valuable assets. Leather is one of the oldest human resources and archeologists believe that the antiquity of leather artifacts dates back to more than 33 centuries ago. Due to changeable nature of Leather processing industry, cattle by-products can be transformed into valuable goods. With chemists entering in this industry, it has been moved away from its traditional mode and entered to the industrial world.

Leather Status in Iran

After the fall of the Qajar dynasty, Tabriz has witnessed growth and development in the area of leather industry. Gradually, with the progress of this industry, tanning the leather has also gone through various modifications.

Many modern factories were built in Tabriz, some of the most famous are: Iran leather factory, Omid leather factory, Khosravi leather factory and Vahabzadeh factory which was established in 1936. Steadily, the number of these factories increased, and over time, due to the urban development and the pollution created by these industries, in 1983-1984 the factories were moved out of town- 25 Kilometers outside of Tabriz- to an area of two million square meters, which was named Leather City (Charmshahr).

The current Charmshahr in Tabriz includes 250 units of leather production, of which more than 95% produce hides and the rest produce skin. The products of these factories not only meet the needs of the domestic market, but also are exported to countries such as China, Turkey, Hong Kong, Italy, Spain, India and the CIS countries.

 

  1. Hide comes from large animals such as cows and horses and is usually used in the production of shoes, bags, belt and furniture.
  2. Skin is the cover of smaller animals such as sheep, goats, pigs and deer and is usually used in the production of leather clothing, lining and bags.